jeden (one): declined like the adjective pekný; dva (two): N: dvaja (masc. Latin Adjectives decline in one of three ways depending on which third declension category the adjective belongs. In the G pl, there are changes in the stem: if the noun ends in -vowel + ná, then this vowel receives an acute (for example švagriná – švagrín), but otherwise -ie- is inserted (for example princezná – princezien). Adjectives ending with -ý (+ animate noun) Sample adjective: mladý (young) 2 alternatives: not declined or declined; if they are declined, then each number making up the numeral is declined according to its own paradigm (for example 23 chlapov: dvadsiatich troch chlapov). The suffixes remain long and the rhythmic rule is not observed. Note: Ordinal numerals are formed by adding adjective endings to the (slightly modified) cardinal numbers, for example: Interrogative (and Relative) and Indefinite pronouns, http://slovniky.juls.savba.sk/?w=pam%C3%A4%C5%A5, provides an exhaustive treatment of Slovak declension and is the source of this article, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Slovak_declension&oldid=991473401, Pages with non-English text lacking appropriate markup and no ISO hint, Pages with non-English text lacking appropriate markup from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Slovak Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. Adjective declension is one of the most complicated things in German. animate); päť (otherwise) – G: piatich – D: piatim – A: piatich / päť (masc. the long forms mňa, teba, seba, mne, tebe, sebe in G, D and A are used after prepositions (for example pre mňa) or when emphasized, especially always at the beginning of the sentence (for example Vidíš len seba., Teba vidím. However, many personal names in -í are declined like pony in reality (e. g. Dolejšího (not Dolejšieho like in cudzí)) 2 posts • Page 1 of 1. Declension of bonus, declension tables of many Latin adjectives, comparison, all cases. animate); tri (otherwise) – G: troch – D: trom – A: troch (masc. - Dom je vysoký. In this case, the adjective gets the endings of the definite article and that is why we call this adjective declension “strong”. A very small number of foreign nouns are not declined (that is the stem and ending never change). Grammar a. the inflection of nouns, and of words similarly inflected, for categories such as case and number. There are exact rules for the choice between these two endings and there are several irregular comparatives. A few third declension adjectives of one ending are declined without the characteristic -i.Thus, vetus, veteris, old: vetere (abl. (1) in English "of x" or "x's" ; answers the questions Of whom / Of what; for example father's (sg. Slovak language, like most Slavic and Latin languages, is an inflected language. The Slovak language, like most Slavic and Latin languages, is an inflected language, meaning that the endings (and sometimes also the stems) of most words (nouns, adjectives, pronouns and numerals) change depending on the given combination of the grammatical gender, the grammatical number and the grammatical case of the particular word in the particular sentence: I was wondering if someone could answer a few questions about adjective declension for me. Declension of Adjectives – mixed exercise; Need more practice? There is also a 6th paradigm for the feminine nouns ending in -ea (idea, Kórea), which goes like žena, except that D sg and Lsg are idei, and G pl is ideí without change in the stem. Declension of difficilis, declension tables of many Latin adjectives, comparison, all cases. For the superlative degree we again add the prefix naj- to the comparative degree. All of them are possessive adjectives (adjectives in -ov are derived from masculine nouns, adjectives in -in – from feminine nouns). For each gender, there are four basic declension paradigms (that is declension models). In this video, you learn more about the GERMAN ADJECTIVE DECLENSION. - Ruža je pekná. There are 5 models according to which we decline the adjectives: pekný (ending with -ý in Nominative singular with masculine form) cudzí (ending with -í … Declension of adjectives. The following tables show the different groups and one adjective of each group is This paradigm is used for adjectives ending in -ov / -in, for example otcov ("father's"), matkin ("mother's"). Most nouns can take both the -at- endings and the -enc- endings in the plural (for example dievča, húsa, bábä), some nouns however take only the -at- endings (for example knieža, zviera, mláďa) and some nouns only the -enc- endings (for example kura). What does declension mean? Information and translations of declension in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The Slovak language, like most Slavic languages and Latin, is an inflected language, meaning that the endings (and sometimes also the stems) of most words (nouns, adjectives, pronouns and numerals) change depending on the given combination of the grammatical gender, the grammatical number and the grammatical case of the particular word in the particular sentence: a) Gender: There are four grammatical genders in Slovak language: animate masculine, inanimate masculine, feminine and neuter. The first numeral, 1, is declined pretty much like an adjective. The difference is a soft ending used for the declension of cudzí and a hard ending used for the declension of pekný. Each gender (masculine, feminine, neuter) has its own patterns of declension, represented by model nouns. The comparative is formed by replacing the adjective ending -ý/y/i/í by -ejší or -ší. [citation needed] This could have developed out of proper names that were formed using the Hungarian diminutive suffix -i and that are used in spoken Slovak, and therefore is often homonymous with nominative (semi-)diminutive forms of the names. Adjectives denote the qualities of persons, animals, objects and events. The word hrsť is declined like dlaň in the singular, but like kosť in the plural. See also this tool which automatically declines numerals. Slovakian definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. The words myseľ, chuť, raž, tvár, hneď can be declined like dlaň or like kosť in the singular, but only like dlaň in the plural. sing. The word pamäť is declined like kosť when it refers to human memory, but like dlaň when it refers to computer memory; most nouns in -eň lose -e- in all cases except N sg and A sg (for example úroveň – úrovne). = nadeň). Examples: "Der junge Mann lernt Deutsch." Examples: pekný – krajší – najkrajší, hrozný – hroznejší – najhroznejší…. Download your resume PDF for free. The inflection of verbs is called conjugation, and one can refer to the inflection of nouns, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, determiners, participles, prepositions and postpositions, numerals, articles etc., as declension. Declension (English to Slovak translation). The comparative degree of adjectives is formed using the ending -ší/-ejší ?. and svoj (one's own), except that the o never changes in ô (for example tvoj – tvojho…); náš (our) and váš (your (pl. The following nouns are declined like dlaň, not like kosť: obec, päsť, čeľusť; The following feminine nouns are not declined like dlaň, but like kosť: jar, zver, chuť, ortuť, pamäť, smrť, pleť, sneť, rukoväť, smeť, púť, spleť, svojeť, reč, seč, meď, soľ, hluš, myš, voš, lož, bel, Sereď, Sibír, Budapešť, Bukurešť, Lešť and a few other nouns. The comparative and superlative of adverbs (which, by the way, end in -o, -e or -y in the basic form) is formed by simply replacing the -(ej)ší from the adjective by -(ej)šie (for example: pekne – krajšie – najkrajšie, hrozne – hroznejšie – najhroznejšie, teplo – teplejšie – najteplejšie, pomaly – pomalšie – najpomalšie). Slovak Pronunciation . Jacob_Kap Posts: 116 Joined: 2011-04-16, 16:06 Real Name: Jacob Kapelusz Gender: male Location: Carmiel Country: Israel (ישראל / إسرائيل) Adjective declension. Post by ich » 2017-09-01, 14:40 . All other adjectives and adverbs are compared regularly. Essential Russian language grammar, Declension of Adjectives in the Singular and Plural . John gave Mary the book) * genitive (used for modifiers in compound noun phrases e.g. /dəˈklɛnʃən / (say duh klenshuhn) noun 1. The ending used for the masculine gender is -ý. I was wondering if someone could answer a few questions about adjective declension for me. 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